NOBODY wants Net Neutrality …

So, from The NY Times, it looks like Net Neutrality is going to go through, kinda, sorta. The FCC is going to regulate the Internet as if it was a public good, which would allow it to impose net neutrality. And the summary of what it would prevent is this:

The F.C.C. plan would let the agency regulate Internet access as if it is a public good. It would follow the concept known as net neutrality or an open Internet, banning so-called paid prioritization — or fast lanes — for willing Internet content providers.

In addition, it would ban the intentional slowing of the Internet for companies that refuse to pay broadband providers. The plan would also give the F.C.C. the power to step in if unforeseen impediments are thrown up by the handful of giant companies that run many of the country’s broadband and wireless networks.

The ability to step in and say that the providers can’t arbitrarily de-prioritize the content of companies that won’t play ball is good. However, no one wants the elimination of fast lanes. Even those who would never use a fast lane would rather there be a fee tacked on for high priority traffic than that all content providers are asked to pay for the infrastructure to provide high priority traffic. If all I’m doing is simple file transfers, I don’t need a high Quality of Service throughout the Internet or low latencies; a short delay is not going to impact my service at all. For video, however, a delay or packets coming out of order will hugely impact their service. Asking companies to pay to get access to even a priority that allows their traffic to be routed with low latency/high priority/high bandwidth routing features helps them guarantee their services work as expected, while the companies that don’t care as much about that don’t have to pay anything and get standard services, which works for their needs. No one really wants all traffic to be treated the same, because different traffic has different requirements and so needs different features to make it work to their ideal. If you try to treat them all the same, no one is happy because they aren’t getting the features they need.

The fact is that video services are as I’ve said before both bandwidth intensive and require low latency and a high priority. This is very expensive for ISPs to provide, requiring dedicated equipment that switches at a very high rate with an exceptionally low rate of dropped packets. As these services start to dominate, ISPs will have to provide some kind of infrastructure to handle them, or else the growing congestion will make those services unusable while also flooding out the services that didn’t care about that. Someone is going to have to pay for that infrastructure growth. The end user can’t because they are paying for the line to their system, and that’s not where the infrastructure needs to be added. If ISPs try that, they will end up charging end users more for speeds that aren’t any higher and for the needs of content that they aren’t using. This will not go over well. Despite what people have claimed, the issue is not at the end user, but is in the core, and ISPs will need to find a business case to expand the infrastructure in the core. Otherwise, their capital expenditures won’t result in an increase in revenue, and so they’ll simply end up losing money on the deal. It will not do well for the Internet to drive ISPs into loss trying to provide the services that customers want.

So if sites like Netflix want their content to have the features that they need to make their customers happy, they’ll have to find some reason for ISPs to provide those features. Trying to do it by standing on the “common good” or net neutrality won’t work because ISPs will simply insist on treating everyone alike as the regulations state and so won’t treat Netflix traffic differently than anyone else’s … and Netflix wants that. They also won’t develop new features for traffic like Netflix’s because there’s no profit in them to do so. Both of these are totally consistent with Net Neutrality.

So, no, no one really wants Net Neutrality. This issue has been clouded by the reasonable desire to limit dishonest business practices so that people aren’t seeing that there are business practices that everyone wants that can’t be provided under strict Net Neutrality.

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